Glossary Of Art Terms
Signed & Numbered by the artist (or S/N)Each fine art limited edition is signed by the artist, certifying their inspection and approval, then numbered.
Artist Proofs (or A/P)An exclusive subset of any given release traditionally reserved for use by the artist and publisher. Collectors give greater value to A/Ps, as they are often difficult to obtain. These are signed and numbered separately from the edition. The letters AP can be found written beside the numbers for example A/P 12/20.
Edition SizeThe edition size is the number of reproductions that total a given print or canvas release. There are 2 numbers on a limited edition-for example 157/200. The number on the bottom (200) refers to the total number of reproductions in the edition. The number above (157) is the number of the individual print.
Size/DimensionsThe dimensions are marked in inches, listed width by height (w x h) and refer only to the image area on a print or canvas.
Low InventoryA limited edition that is almost sold out at the publishing company. There is usually less than 5% of the edition remaining.
Sold out at publisherNo inventory of that edition remains at the publisher. We may have the art for sale still so call for our availability.
GicleeA giclee (zhee-clay) is an elegant, state-of-the-art reproduction that gives a vibrant color rendition of an original painting. Giclee, a French printmakers term for sprayed, was adopted to distinguish the technique from ordinary offset printing. It also signifies to the art buyer that the process and materials used to create the print were intended for the fine art market. A giclee is created by a digital printers tiny ink jets that spray millions of droplets of archival, water-based inks onto fine archival art paper or canvas known as the substrate. The combination of specific inks and substrate are carefully selected to assure maximum print longevity. Giclees are produced one at a time. Depending upon their size, this intricate printing process can take up to an hour or more for each print. Afterward, the giclees are coated with a protective finish. Whether printed on fine art paper or canvas, the end result is always the same: a beautifully reproduced work of art with the look and feel of the original painting.
Textured Canvastextured canvas printssuch as Howard Terpning's Opening the Sacred Bundleare published on a very selective basis. This unique and valuable technique replicates the look and feel of an original painting, including canvas texture and, at times, artist's brush strokes. The image is first printed by offset lithography with oil-based inks on a thin piece of oil-based material. A mold of the original painting can be used as a guide to create a feeling of brush strokes, or the artist can re-create the brush strokes. The mold is used with heat and pressure to bond the printed image to the artist-quality canvas. The resulting fine art print captures the texture as well as the image of the original and is framed without glass. Fine Art Canvas Art printed directly onto canvas material. Some canvas art comes already stretched. Larger canvas art will be delivered in a rolled form.
Canvas transfersCanvas transfers has become a generic term that is not the standard by which limited edition fine art canvases should be referred. Most transfers are a chemical process by which inks are lifted from the original medium (usually paper) to another (canvas). Most inks, papers, and printing processes were not designed for this use so there can be a breakdown in color. This process affordably allows more people to own and enjoy a work of art than the original painting would.
Offset LithographyOffset lithography is a photographic printing technique that uses inks, carried by rubber rollers called printing blankets, to transfer images from metal plates to paper. Not all prints are alike, however, even at the same price. While the industry for offset lithograph prints is often only four colors, Greenwich Workshop fine art prints (for example) print in as many as eighteen different colors, resulting in unmatched clarity and color fidelity to the original. This process affordably allows more people to own and enjoy a work of art than the original painting would.
Original Stone LithographThis is an age old technique in which an image is drawn on a stone by the artist (in reverse) and then pressed by hand, one color at a time, onto paper or canvas. Each lithograph is considered an original because the image is created during the process, thus no two are exactly the same.
SerigraphyThe exacting serigraph process (also knows as silk-screening) is a time honored hand printing technique, based on stenciling, Ink or paint is carefully brushed through a fine fabric screen, portions of which have been masked for impermeability. For each color, a different portion of the screen must be masked, and each color must be allowed to dry before the next is applied. The depth of color in the resulting fine art serigraph is almost luminous.
Archival QualityFine Art limited editions sold by Artifacts Gallery are printed with the most advanced reproduction technology for image fidelity. Fade-resistant archival inks and the finest acid-free paper and canvas ensure the longevity of your fine art purchase. We assure the quality of your limited edition art. Artifacts Gallery has a legacy of purchasing only limited edition fine art of unsurpassed quality and integrity.
Hand Enhanced by ArtistSome paper or canvas editions include brushstrokes done by hand by the artist. These additions enhance both the look and value of the work.
RemarqueA sketch or watercolor, usually handmade by the artist, which may accompany a special fine art edition.
PostersPosters are general mass produced with commercial inks and papers and can be purchased anywhere for a range of prices.
Animation CelsA broad term that encompasses most types of animation art. In its strictest interpretation, a cel is the plastic sheet, either cellulose acetate or cellulose nitrate, that animated characters are painted on. In practice, the term cel has come to mean that plastic sheet in combination with the outline and coloring of a character, object, and/or special effect. Outlines can be either hand-inked or Xerographically transferred to the sheet of plastic. Those outlines are then filled with color, either by hand-painting or a serigraphic process, to complete the cel.. 12 or 16 Field Cel:
These terms are used to describe the size of a particular cel. They come from the size of the "field" of view of the camera photographing the artwork. For rough use, consider a twelve-field cel roughly 10"x12", and a sixteen-field cel approximately 14"x16". The actual framed size may differ.